7 Music Note Values: Quarter Note, Half Note, Whole Note…

The type (shape) of musical notes (Quarter Note, Half Note, Whole Note) fixes the note values (duration) and the combination of the different values forms the rhythm.

7 Note Values

There are seven note values (and 7 musical rests of the same duration): the Whole Note, the Half Note, the Quarter Note, the Eight Note, the Sixteenth Note, the Thirty-Second Note, the Sixty-Fourth Note.

 

Notes Value: Whole Note, Half Note, Quarter Note, Eight Note, Sixteenth Note, Thirty-Second Note, Sixty-Fourth Note
Notes Value: Whole Note, Half Note, Quarter Note, Eight Note, Sixteenth Note, Thirty-Second Note, Sixty-Fourth Note

The beginning of Beethoven’s Piano Sonata No. 3 uses the Whole Note, the Half Note, the Quarter Note, the Eight Note, the Sixteenth Note, the Eight Note triplet:

Rhythmic Equivalences Between the Different Note Values

The value of each note duration is always double the value that follows it:

  • 1 Whole Note = 2 Half Notes
  • 1 Half Note = 2 Quarter Notes
  • 1 Quarter Note = 2 Eight Notes
  • 1 Eight Note = 2 Sixteenth Notes
  • 1 Sixteenth Note = 2 Thirty-Second Notes
  • 1 Thirty-Second Note = 2 Sixty-Fourth Notes
1 Whole Note = 2 Half Notes, 1 Half Note = 2 Quarter Notes, 1 Quarter Note...
The value of each note duration is always double the value that follows it.

And so:

A Whole Note = 4 Quarter Notes, 8 Eight Notes, 16 Sixteenth Notes, 32 Thirty-Second Notes, 64 Sixty-Fourth Notes

A Half  Note = 4 Height Notes, 8 Sixteenth Notes, 16 Thirty-Second Notes, 32 Sixty-Fourth Notes

A Quarter Note = 4 Sixteenth Notes, 8 Thirty-Second Notes, 16 Sixty-Fourth Notes

A Eight Note = 4 Thirty-Second Notes, 8 Sixty-Fourth Notes

A Sixteenth Note = 4 Sixty-Fourth Notes

Learn to read music notes in G (treble) and F (bass) clef with the help of color music notes.
NO MUSICAL KNOWLEDGE REQUIRED! Play online and learn to read music notes EASILY and QUICKLY (Treble and Bass Clef, Do Re Mi or A B C). Select the image NOW: it's COMPLETELY FREE and works with ALL DEVICES!

British Names

  • Whole Note = Semibreve
  • Half Note = Minim
  • Quarter Note = Crotchet
  • Eight Note = Quaver
  • Sixteenth Note = Semiquaver
  • Thirty-Second Note = Demisemiquaver
  • Sixty-Fourth Note = Hemidemisemiquaver

Dotted Notes

A dot behind a music note increases the duration of this note by half of its original value.

For example, as 1 Half Note = 2 Quarter Notes, half of a Half Note = 1 quarter note. So, the duration for 1 dotted Half Note will  be 2 Quarter Notes + 1 Quarter Note = 3 Quarter Notes.

The value of the dotted notes for each type of music note is as follow:

  • 1 dotted Whole Note = 3 Half Notes
  • 1 dotted Half Note = 3 Quarter Notes
  • 1 dotted Quarter Note = 3 Eight Notes
  • 1 dotted Eight Note = 3 Sixteenth Notes
  • 1 dotted Sixteenth Note = 3 Thirty-Second Notes
  • 1 dotted Thirty-Second Notes = 3 Sixty-Fourth Notes
Dotted Notes: A dotted Whole Note is equal to three Half Notes, a dotted Half Note is equal to three Quarter Notes, etc.
Dotted Notes: A dotted Whole Note is equal to three Half Notes, a dotted Half Note is equal to three Quarter Notes, etc.

Triplet

A triplet is the ternary division of a note value. It is a rhythm playing three notes in the space of two.

For example, a quarter note triplet consists of three-quarter notes over the same amount of time as two-quarter notes or a single half note

The famous Adagio from Beethoven’s sonata no. 14, called “Moonlight”, uses eighth-note triplets on each beat, from the first to the last measure. This is the reason why the number 3 which indicates a triplet is only present here in the first measure of the Adagio (play the video to display the first measure, the number 3 indicating a triplet is placed under the group of three eighth notes ):

Music Notes in Space HN

A FREE Video Game to learn note values the fun way. Music Notes In Space HN makes it easy to learn and remember what shape of music note corresponds to what relative value as well as the ratio of any note value to any other.

Music Notes in Space is a true free video game to learn note values (whole note, half note, quarter note…) the fun way.
Children – and adults too! – can learn note values (whole note, half note, quarter note…) the fun way with the free game Music Notes In Space HN.

Music Duration and Music Theory

Music Staff (or Stave)

The music staff (or stave) is made by five parallel horizontal lines.

Clefs – Treble, Bass, Alto, Tenor

Learn about the different musical clefs and which one is used for each musical instrument.

Music Notes – Name of Notes (A B C or Do Re Mi)

Seven notes of music and two systems to name them.

Music Rests (Whole Rest, Half Rest…)

For each music note value, there is a music rest of equivalent duration.