The Scherzo No. 1 in B Minor, Op. 20, was written by Frédéric Chopin in 1831, during the November uprising against the Russian Empire. A friend of Chopin’s, Thomas Albrecht, to whom it was dedicated, convinced him to stay in Vienna, away from his family in Poland, to build his musical career. During this time he only played one concert, where he performed his concerto in E Minor. Because of the struggle and the war, his compositions changed from pieces of a brilliant style to works in a new, darker tonality.