The Kreutzer Sonata for violin and piano, No 9, by Ludwig van Beethoven, is notable for its technical difficulty and unusual length (around 40 minutes) and emotional scope.
The sonata No. 9 is commonly known as the Kreutzer Sonata after the violinist Rodolphe Kreutzer, to whom it was ultimately dedicated, but who thoroughly disliked the piece and refused to play it.
The Piano Sonata No 17 in D Minor, was composed in 1801–02 by Ludwig van Beethoven. It is usually referred to as “The Tempest” (or Der Sturm in his native German), but the sonata was not given this title by Beethoven, or indeed referred to as such during his lifetime.
The Piano Sonata No 14 in C-Sharp Minor, popularly known as the Moonlight Sonata and completed in 1801 is one of Ludwig van Beethoven’s most popular compositions for the piano.
Beethoven’s Piano Sonata No 28 in A major, Op. 101, was written in 1816 and was dedicated to the pianist Baroness Dorothea Ertmann, née Graumen. This sonata marks the beginning of what is generally regarded as Ludwig van Beethoven’s final period.
Beethoven’s Piano Sonata No. 29 in B-Flat Major, Op. 106 (known as the Hammerklavier) is a piano sonata that is widely viewed as one of the most important works of the composer’s third period and among the greatest piano sonatas of all time.
The Concerto No 2 was composed primarily between 1787 and 1789, although it did not attain the form in which it was published until 1795. Beethoven did write a second finale for it in 1798 for performance in Prague, but that is not the finale that was published.
The Piano Concerto No 5 by Beethoven, popularly known as the Emperor Concerto, was his last completed piano concerto. It was written between 1809 and 1811 in Vienna, and was dedicated to Archduke Rudolf, Beethoven’s patron and pupil.
Beethoven’s Piano Concerto No 4 in G Major, Op. 58, was composed in 1805–1806. Ludwig van Beethoven dedicated the concerto to his friend, student, and patron, the Archduke Rudolph.It was premiered in March 1807 at a private concert of the home of Prince Franz Joseph von Lobkowitz.
The Piano Sonata No 31 in A-Flat Major, Op. 110, by Ludwig van Beethoven was composed in 1821. It is the central piano sonata in the group of three (Op 109, 110, 111) which he wrote between 1820 and 1822, and the thirty-first of his published piano sonatas.