Mozart’s Piano Sonata No 8 in A minor, K. 310 / 300d, was written in 1778. The sonata is the first of only two Mozart piano sonatas in a minor key. It was composed in the summer of 1778 around the time of his mother’s death, one of the most tragic times of his life.
The Piano Sonata No 3 in F minor, Op. 5 of Johannes Brahms was written in 1853 and published the following year. The sonata is unusually large, consisting of five movements, as opposed to the traditional three or four.
The Piano Sonata in B minor is a sonata for solo piano by Franz Liszt. It was completed in 1853 and published in 1854 with a dedication to Robert Schumann in return for his dedication of his Fantasie in C major, Op. 17 (published 1839) to Liszt.
Scarlatti’s sonata in D minor K 141 is one of Martha Argerich’s favorite encore. There are many videos available on Youtube, both professional and amateur recordings.
Chopin’s Piano Sonata No. 2 in B-Flat Minor, Op. 35, is a piano sonata in four movements. Frédéric Chopin completed the work while living in George Sand’s manor in Nohant, some 250 km (160 mi) south of Paris, a year before it was published in 1840.
The Turkish March is the third and last movement from Mozart’s Piano Sonata No. 11 in A major (but the Turkish March is in A minor). Also called Turkish Rondo, this third movement “Alla Turca” is often heard on its own.
The Piano Sonata No 17 in D Minor, was composed in 1801–02 by Ludwig van Beethoven. It is usually referred to as “The Tempest” (or Der Sturm in his native German), but the sonata was not given this title by Beethoven, or indeed referred to as such during his lifetime.
The Piano Sonata No 14 in C-Sharp Minor, popularly known as the Moonlight Sonata and completed in 1801 is one of Ludwig van Beethoven’s most popular compositions for the piano.
Chopin’s Piano Sonata No 3 in B Minor, Op. 58, is the last of the composer’s piano sonatas. Completed in 1844 and dedicated to Countess Émilie de Perthuis, the work is considered to be one of Frédéric Chopin’s most difficult compositions, both technically and musically.
Rachmaninoff’s Sonata for Cello and Piano in G Minor, Op. 19 was completed in November 1901 and published a year later. Sergei Rachmaninoff regarded the role of the piano as not just an accompaniment but equal to the cello.